100-METRE-WIDE ‘LIGHT EYE’
Ferrari World impresses with its unconventional architecture and with curiosities such as the world’...
100-METRE-WIDE ‘LIGHT EYE’
Ferrari World impresses with its unconventional architecture and with curiosities such as the world’s largest Ferrari logo (65 x 48.5 metres) on the roof. An impressive eye-catcher is the 10,000 square metre glass funnel at the heart of the 20-hectare roof area. At the top, where it is the widest, the daylight opening has a diameter of 100 metres; at ground level, it is still 17 metres wide. In terms of building construction, the funnel presented the planners with a challenging task. It is the building’s primary opening for the entry of daylight into the core of the building. Sophisticated air-conditioning technology and ipasol solar control glass keep the temperature in the building constant at a comfortable 25°C. ipasol neutral 48/27 prevents the interior from heating up excessively. At the same time, it ensures neutral transparency and plenty of daylight inside (TL = 48 per cent). Thanks to the low solar factor (27 per cent according to EN 410), the temperature behind the funnel’s glazing remains comfortable despite the surrounding desert heat. The additional coating of the panes with ipachrome design even reduces the solar factor to 15 per cent on average. The Ug-value of 1.1 W/m²K (according to EN 673) provides effective insulation during cooler winter nights, when the temperature drops to about 14°C. THE FUNNEL IN DETAIL A total of 2,640 solar control glass panes (ipasol neutral 48/27) were inserted into the metal frame of the funnel on 30 levels with various pane dimensions. Additionally, this glazing was coated with a spiral pattern of ipachrome design with a varying degree of coverage – seen from underneath, the huge mosaic looks like a vortex. The coverage of the individual panes with ipachrome design varies from 40 to 85 per cent. The closer the panes are to the upper end of the funnel the higher the degree of coverage – hence the shading effect of the glazing, measured as its solar factor, increases from bottom to top. With the funnel, the façade builders of JAP, Jungbluth Alu Partners (Belgium), took up a demanding logistical challenge: in order to ensure the accuracy of the spiral pattern, each of the panes had to be produced and glazed individually, piece by piece. The inclination angle of the funnel varies; therefore, the panes also differ in size on 30 levels: from the lower part of 2220 x 2029 millimetres, via 2420 x 2029 millimetres in the middle, right up to 2618 x 2029 millimetres at the edge of the roof. Inside the glass funnel, the 70-metre high ‘G-Force Tower’ has been installed. In this amusement ride, the visitors are lifted up to a level just above the roof edge and enjoy a spectacular view over Yas Island, Ferrari World, the adjoining Formula One racetrack and the open sea. They then plunge down in a 62-metre free fall – stopped late but gently by the most up-to-date technology. Even inside the building, the motor sport motto “the faster the better” applies. The world’s fastest roller coaster, reaching a speed of up to 240 kilometres per hour, is a part of this major project, as are more than 20 other amusement rides. All of them have a relationship to the history and the development of the world-famous brand from Maranello.
EXTERNAL FAÇADE IN FERRARI RED
Not only the roof of the leisure park, but also its façade, is largely coloured in Ferrari red. The vertical façade of the building is furnished with 6,000 square metres of solar control glass (ipasol neutral 48/27) and individual screen printing. Ferrari-red metal spandrels are interspersed in a mosaic-like fashion. This façade is inclined at an angle of ten degrees toward the interior. The level of outside light reflection is 15 per cent. Since about 40 per cent of the glass area is additionally screenprinted, the average daylight transmittance (TL) is 40 per cent. The solar factor is reduced further by the screen printing (23 per cent according to EN 410), which contributes to protecting the building from heating up. Ferrari World is a leisure park that sets new standards not only in terms of amusement, but also in terms of architecture.